Types of Phobia: Causes and Symptoms Suffered by the Person

A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined by a persistent and excessive fear of an object or situation. Those with phobias will go to great lengths to avoid the situation or object, to a degree greater than the actual danger posed. If the object or situation cannot be avoided, they experience significant distress and much more.

Phobias can be said to hamper the lives of those who have them. For some people, the fear of a person with a phobia is difficult to understand. That is why people with phobias are often ridiculed by other people.

To help you so that you don’t get confused when someone experiences excessive fear of something suddenly, here is the list of phobia that exists.

Most Common Types of Phobia

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition: DSM-5 (DSM-5), the American Psychiatric Association outlines some of the most common types of phobia, including:

1. Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is the most common type of phobia

Agoraphobia is a fear of places or situations where the person perceives their environment to be unsafe with no easy way to escape. These places or situations can include open spaces, public transit, shopping centers, or simply being outside their home. Being in these situations may result in a panic attack.

This phobia symptom occurs nearly every time the situation is encountered and lasts for more than six months. Those affected will go to great lengths to avoid these situations. In severe cases, people may become completely unable to leave their homes.

2. Social Phobia

Social Phobia is the most common type of phobia

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) or social phobia is a fear or anxiety of social situations, causing considerable distress and impaired ability to function in at least some aspects of daily life. These fears can be triggered by perceived or actual scrutiny from others. Individuals with social anxiety disorder fear negative evaluation from other people.

Physical symptoms of this phobia often include excessive blushing, excessive sweating, trembling, palpitations, and nausea. Stammering may be present, along with rapid speech. Panic attacks or even passed out can also occur under intense fear and discomfort.

3. Specific Phobia

Specific Phobias are the most common types of phobias

Specific phobias are a broad category of unique phobias related to specific objects and situations. According to the DSM, specific phobias typically fall within five general categories:

  • fears related to animals (spiders, dogs, insects, etc.)
  • fears related to the natural environment (heights, thunder, darkness, etc.)
  • fears related to blood, injury, or medical issues (injections, broken bones, falls, etc.)
  • fears related to specific situations (flying, riding an elevator, driving, etc.)
  • other (choking, loud noises, drowning, etc.)

A person who encounters that of which they are phobic will often show signs of fear or express discomfort.  In some severe cases, it can result in a panic attack or even passed out. The fear or anxiety associated with specific phobia can manifest in physical symptoms such as an increased heart rate, shortness of breath, muscle tension, or sweating.

Also read: Online Psychologist and Therapy in Indonesia

100 Types of Phobia that Exist

Learning about a phobia is a complex process. Most people don’t seek treatment for this condition, so most cases go unnoticed. Phobias come in all shapes and sizes. Because there is an infinite number of objects and situations, the list of specific phobias is quite long. Phobias also vary based on experience, culture, gender, age, and many other factors.

Therefore, there are still many phobias of people whose types and names are unknown. Here are 100 types of phobia that are most likely to be encountered on a daily basis.

A
AchluophobiaFear of darkness
AcrophobiaFear of heights
AerophobiaFear of flying
AlgophobiaFear of pain
AlektorophobiaFear of chickens
AgoraphobiaFear of public spaces or crowds
AichmophobiaFear of needles or pointed objects
AmaxophobiaFear of riding in a car
AndrophobiaFear of men
AnginophobiaFear of angina or choking
AnthophobiaFear of flowers
AnthropophobiaFear of people or society
AphenphosmphobiaFear of being touched
ArachnophobiaFear of spiders
ArithmophobiaFear of numbers
AstraphobiaFear of thunder and lightning
AtaxophobiaFear of disorder or untidiness
AtelophobiaFear of imperfection
AtychiphobiaFear of failure
AutophobiaFear of being alone
B
BacteriophobiaFear of bacteria
BarophobiaFear of gravity
BathmophobiaFear of stairs or steep slopes
BatrachophobiaFear of amphibians
BelonephobiaFear of pins and needles
BibliophobiaFear of books
BotanophobiaFear of plants
C
CacophobiaFear of ugliness
CatagelophobiaFear of being ridiculed
CatoptrophobiaFear of mirrors
ChionophobiaFear of snow
ChromophobiaFear of colors
ChronomentrophobiaFear of clocks
ClaustrophobiaFear of confined spaces
CoulrophobiaFear of clowns
CyberphobiaFear of computers
CynophobiaFear of dogs
D
DendrophobiaFear of trees
DentophobiaFear of dentists
DomatophobiaFear of houses
DystychiphobiaFear of accidents
E
EcophobiaFear of the home
ElurophobiaFear of cats
EntomophobiaFear of insects
EphebiphobiaFear of teenagers
EquinophobiaFear of horses
F, G
GamophobiaFear of marriage
GenuphobiaFear of knees
GlossophobiaFear of speaking in public
GynophobiaFear of women
H
HeliophobiaFear of the sun
HemophobiaFear of blood
HerpetophobiaFear of reptiles
HydrophobiaFear of water
HypochondriaFear of illness
I-K
IatrophobiaFear of doctors
InsectophobiaFear of insects
KoinoniphobiaFear of rooms full of people
L
LeukophobiaFear of the color white
LilapsophobiaFear of tornadoes and hurricanes
LockiophobiaFear of childbirth
M
MageirocophobiaFear of cooking
MegalophobiaFear of large things
MelanophobiaFear of the color black
MicrophobiaFear of small things
MysophobiaFear of dirt and germs
N
NecrophobiaFear of death or dead things
NoctiphobiaFear of the night
NosocomephobiaFear of hospitals
NyctophobiaFear of the dark
O
ObesophobiaFear of gaining weight
OctophobiaFear of the figure 8
OmbrophobiaFear of rain
OphidiophobiaFear of snakes
OrnithophobiaFear of birds
P
PapyrophobiaFear of paper
PathophobiaFear of disease
PedophobiaFear of children
PhilophobiaFear of love
PhobophobiaFear of phobias
PodophobiaFear of feet
PogonophobiaFear of beards
PorphyrophobiaFear of the color purple
PteridophobiaFear of ferns
PteromerhanophobiaFear of flying
PyrophobiaFear of fire
Q-S
SamhainophobiaFear of Halloween
ScolionophobiaFear of school
SelenophobiaFear of the moon
SociophobiaFear of social evaluation
SomniphobiaFear of sleep
T
TachophobiaFear of speed
TechnophobiaFear of technology
TonitrophobiaFear of thunder
TrypanophobiaFear of needles or injections
U-Z
VenustraphobiaFear of beautiful women
VerminophobiaFear of germs
WiccaphobiaFear of witches and witchcraft
XenophobiaFear of strangers or foreigners
ZoophobiaFear of animals

Also read: 5 Best Mental Therapists and Counseling in Jakarta


That is all! That was the list of the most common types of phobia that most people have. After you know what can be a phobia, as well as the symptoms that might occur, now you are no longer wondering about phobias, right?

By the way, is the fear of something that you experience on the list of the most common phobias? If it is, feel free to comment down below, Flokqers!

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